Malaysia ranks 32nd in 2022 IMD World Competitiveness ranking

image-20220620101841-1Malaysia has been ranked 32nd in the 2022 International Institute for Management Development (IMD) World Competitiveness Ranking (WCR), down by seven positions from the 25th spot in 2021.

马来西亚在 2022 年国际管理发展学院(IMD)世界竞争力排名(WCR)中排名第 32 位,比 2021 年的第 25 位下降了 7 位。


In a statement, the centre said Thailand (33rd from 28th) and Indonesia (44th from 37th) also tumbled down their rankings respectively, driven by the slow re-opening of the economy post-COVID-19 compared with the European Union (EU) and the United States (US).

该中心在一份声明中表示,泰国(从第 28 位到第 33 位)和印度尼西亚(从第 37 位到第 44 位)的排名也分别下滑,这是由于与欧盟 (EU) 相比,COVID-19 后经济重新开放缓慢和美国 (US)。


The Asia region also saw China drop one spot to 17 from 16, reversing China's strong upward trend in recent years, signalling a poor economic recovery exacerbated by its zero-COVID strategy.

亚洲地区的中国也从第 16 位下降一位至第 17 位,扭转了中国近年来强劲的上升趋势,表明其零新冠战略加剧了经济复苏乏力。


"Going forward, China needs to restructure the economy from manufacturing to high-value services and from investment to consumption.



"It also needs to build a unified national market to enhance long-term economic prosperity, and it will only achieve its socio-economic development goals by using a macroeconomic policy mix,” it said.



Nonetheless, China still tops the Asia-Pacific (APAC) economies along with Singapore (third), Hong Kong (fifth) and Taiwan (seventh).



Singapore reaches the third spot, up from fifth, enjoying its topmost position in the APAC region. Its recovery stemmed from substantial improvements in the domestic economy (first from 15th), employment (third from 18th), public finance (sixth from 12th) and productivity and efficiency (ninth from 14th).

新加坡从第五位上升到第三位,在亚太地区位居榜首。其复苏源于国内经济(第 15 位中的第 1 位)、就业(第 18 位中的第 3 位)、公共财政(第 12 位中的第 6 位)以及生产力和效率(第 14 位中的第 9 位)的显着改善。


However, it remained in relatively low positions in several sub-factors, including management practices (14th), scientific infrastructure (16th) and health and environment (25th).

然而,在管理实践(第 14 位)、科学基础设施(第 16 位)以及健康与环境(第 25 位)等几个子因素中,它仍然处于相对较低的位置。


Meanwhile, IMD WCC noted that India has the sharpest rise among the Asian economies, ranking to 37th from 43rd.

同时,IMD WCC 指出,印度在亚洲经济体中涨幅最大,从第 43 位升至第 37 位。


Its stellar performance saw a six-spot jump after four stagnant years. This was primarily due to gains in its economic performance and business efficiency.



IMD WCC chief economist Christos Cabolis said besides inflationary pressure affecting most economies, other global challenges affecting the competitiveness of countries include variants of COVID-19.

IMD WCC 首席经济学家 Christos Cabolis 表示,除了影响大多数经济体的通胀压力外,影响各国竞争力的其他全球挑战包括 COVID-19 的变体。


This includes the number of infected people around the world; differing national policies to address COVID (the 'zero-tolerance COVID' policy versus the 'moving on from COVID' policy); and the invasion of Ukraine by Russia.

这包括世界各地的感染人数;应对 COVID 的不同国家政策(“清零COVID政策与“从 COVID 继续前进”政策);以及俄罗斯对乌克兰的入侵。


Meanwhile, Denmark, as the most digitally advanced country in the world, has reached the top spot for the first time in the ranking's 34-year history.



“This is thanks to good policies, advantages afforded by being a European country, a clear focus on sustainability and a push from its agile corporate sector," said IMD WCC director Professor Arturo Bris.

IMD WCC 主任 Arturo Bris 教授说:“这要归功于良好的政策、作为欧洲国家所提供的优势、对可持续性的明确关注以及其敏捷企业部门的推动。”


Switzerland lost its global top spot, moving down to second, despite remaining strong in the overall ranking.



The 2022 WCR assessed 63 economies, via hard data, where 333 competitiveness criteria selected as a result of comprehensive research using economic literature, international, national and regional sources and feedback from the business community, government agencies and academics, and survey responses (100 executives per economy on average) from senior executives, collected from 56 local partner institutes. 

2022 年 WCR 通过硬数据评估了 63 个经济体,其中 333 项竞争力标准是根据经济文献、国际、国家和地区资源以及来自商界、政府机构和学术界的反馈以及调查回复(100 名高管平均每个经济体)来自高级管理人员,从 56 个当地合作机构收集。